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Diabetes expert reveals rise of cases in children during pandemic

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Type 2 diabetes is when there is high blood sugars, as the insulin needed to transform glucose (i.e. sugar) into energy doesn’t work as well anymore. Why does this happen? Long-term damaging effects are the result of irritated and damaged blood vessels. The high sugar content in the blood irritates the blood vessels and increases a person’s risk of heart disease by up to five times.

This fact was shared by the NHS, who also pointed out that high blood sugars increase the likelihood of atherosclerosis.

Atherosclerosis is where the blood vessels become clogged up and narrowed by fatty substances, such as cholesterol.

This may result in poor blood supply to your lower limbs, causing claudication.

Claudication is the pain felt in the back of the calves when walking.

Another sign of atherosclerosis might include chest pain, known as angina.

Atherosclerosis also increases the risk that a blood vessel will become blocked completely, leading to a heart attack or stroke.

Another incredibly useful sign of high blood pressure that warrants medical attention is tingling or burning pain that spreads from the fingers and toes up through the limbs.

This may also lead to numbness, recommended dose of cipro for uti which can lead to ulceration of the feet.

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This type of symptom is indicative of nerve damage – a health complication of untreated type 2 diabetes.

Other health complications can include kidney disease, damaged vision, sexual dysfunction and miscarriage.

Before high blood sugars are left to linger to cause such damage to the body, be aware of the early indications of type 2 diabetes.

The earliest warning signs of type 2 diabetes include:

  • Increased thirst
  • Increased hunger
  • Increased urination
  • Fatigue
  • Slow healing of cuts and wounds
  • Unexplained weight loss
  • Blurred vision
  • Itchiness around the genital area

What causes type 2 diabetes?

The NHS explained: “Type 2 diabetes occurs when the pancreas doesn’t produce enough insulin to maintain a normal blood glucose level.

“Or the body is unable to use the insulin that is produced (insulin resistance).”

Insulin is the hormone that removes glucose (i.e. sugar) from the blood into the cells, where it’s converted into energy.

In type 2 diabetes, there are several reasons why the pancreas doesn’t produce enough insulin.

One reason behind type 2 diabetes is being overweight and not exercising enough.

People who have a BMI (body mass index) of 30 or more are at particular risk.

Fat stored around the stomach can increase the risk too, as this releases chemicals that “upset the body’s cardiovascular and metabolic systems”.

This can be assessed by measuring your waist, with a measurement of 80cm or more placing women in the higher risk category for diabetes.

For men, they’re more at risk of diabetes if their waist measurement is 89cm or higher.

“Exercising regularly and reducing your body weight by about five percent could reduce your risk of getting diabetes by more than 50 percent,” said the NHS.

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